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Within the ISHH the term Gunshi or Waizufu when used alone refers to the head of the total art or system, and this Gunshi or Waizufu is the only one with the authority to grant the title of Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung or Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai Sigung. The words Soke / Sigung can be added to read Sgodai-Soke or Daiyong-Sigung, but is not always done. To anyone who agrees to develop a division of that parent art, where the Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai-Sigung are addressed to as either Soke or Sigung, the terms Youshiki or Xiadai are only used in definitions of the style.

Shodai and Daiyong both mean a first generation founder. They are founders of a sub-division of the art either of the Gunshi or Waizufu. The second generation daiyong or Shodai does not become a Head Family when they inherit the sub art from the Shodai. Since the only persons who can be a headfamily are those who inherit a complete art or a division of it pre-dating 1867. The sub art is actually a probationary experiment under the Shodai and only becomes a legitamite sub-art of style when it is taken over by the 2nd generation inheritor.

Thusly, there can only be one Shodai-Soke / Daiyong-Sigung in each sub division of the total martial art, the next generation becomes a 2nd generation, 3rd generation Soke or Sigung.

The 1st generation Shodai / Daiyong will be formally initiated into the total martial art system by the sponsoring Gunshi / Waizufu and may be issued a new clan / family mon (emblem) to identify the art and founder.

The Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung becomes part of the headfamilies art. He or She is permitted to wear the headfamily crest, decorate the dojo / kwoon in the traditional method of the headfamilies style.

The headfamily can divide it’s overall fighting system into as many divisions as it chooses. The Shodai cannot do the same to his / her system since it is already a sub division. A Shodai-Soke of Aikido, for example, must only teach Aikido, but within their Aikido branch they can add anything they choose, as long as it is considered and advertised as part of the Aikido division. They can not say they also teach Kempo, judo, jujitsu etc. but they can say that their Aikido has kempo, judo, jujitsu techniques in it.

It is important for each 1st generation founder to choose the most appropriate name for the new system. If they choose a name like Aikido, they are very limited in what they can teach. If they choose a name like kempo, tai-jitsu, goshinjutsu etc. they can teach a wider assortment of techniques. That is true of terms like Iado or naganata etc. this limits them to that weapon, weheras kobudo includes as many weapons as one chooses, along with empty hands techniques.

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Youshiki means “western style”, Xiadai means “contemporary” or “modern”. This means the martial arts has no direct connections to traditional asian systems, although it may contain techniques, language, dress and other aspects of traditional asian systems it has chosen to borrow and incorporate into this modern martial art.

The term Youshiki or Xiadai is rarely used alone. It is usually followed by the term Soke or Sigung which can mean either the head of family or founder. In this case it means “head founder”. Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai Sigung means the head founder of a western style martial art system.

The Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai Sigung is sponsored by the traditional head family to head their own version of the modernized western style of martial arts. He or She must have been awarded a 5th degree black belt in a traditional Asian art form or from a recognized western martial art, and there is a minimum age limit of 35 years of age.

The Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai Sigung will be awarded an ISHH rank based on the ISHH age/rank chart and will serve on the evaluation comittee and in various Youshiki-Soke / Xiadai Sigung administration positions as deemed appropriate.

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[dfd_spacer screen_wide_resolution=”1280″ screen_wide_spacer_size=”180″ screen_normal_resolution=”1024″ screen_tablet_resolution=”800″ screen_mobile_resolution=”480″ screen_normal_spacer_size=”100″ screen_tablet_spacer_size=”80″ screen_mobile_spacer_size=”60″][dfd_heading module_animation=”transition.expandIn” enable_delimiter=”” style=”style_04″ heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” title_font_options=”tag:h3|font_size:35|line_height:40″ subtitle_font_options=”tag:h3″ title_responsive=”font_size_desktop:33|line_height_desktop:36|font_size_mobile:28|line_height_mobile:34″]Following Asian Traditions[/dfd_heading][dfd_spacer screen_wide_resolution=”1280″ screen_wide_spacer_size=”15″ screen_normal_resolution=”1024″ screen_tablet_resolution=”800″ screen_mobile_resolution=”480″ screen_normal_spacer_size=”15″ screen_tablet_spacer_size=”15″ screen_mobile_spacer_size=”15″]

We are basing our protocol on Japanese Samurai, for this reason we know it was done this way in pre-meijii times because you needed a Shogun or Demyo to appoint a Gunshi. Since each Shogun was like a general, the Gunshi was his military commander who oversaw military divisions exactly like any modern military operates today, you have divisions of the military, army, air force and navy each having an appointed general to develop and train the personel, that is why it is called the Martial Arts. Since we base our standars on the standard Japanese feudal martial arts we refer to this certification board as a Soke Board.

Our Chinese headfamily has agreed to follow this protocol because it is impossible to operate under two different sets of guidelines. The Chinese Waizufu, William VanCamp, has a division of his traditional martial artwhich was influenced by Japanese / Okinawan systems.

In feaudal times each Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung was in complete control of the sub art they founded. They were not hindered in how it was operated, but loyalty was always to the Gunshi / Waizufu and they kept the Gunshi / Waizufu informed of everything they did within the art. Changes, modifications, grading etc. were all reported back to the Gunshi / Waizufu.

In a legitimate matial art you need a traditional Gunshi / Waizufu with traceable lineage going back to pre-meijji era martial arts to be able to appoint new founders the title of Shodai-Soke or Daiyong Sigung. There are very few headfamilies outside of Asia today.

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Within the ISHH this confusion has been resolved by using the little known title of Gunshi “master of small and large arts” to refer to the headfamily of a pre-meijji martial arts sytem, where everyone they sponsor in a Japanese system is known either as a Soke or  a Shodai-Soke.

This holds true in the sponsorship of Youshiki (western style) modern training and fighting systems, where the term Soke refers to the founder of that modern art and not the position of Head of Family. In the ISHH the only headfamilies are the Gunshi and Waizufu.

This holds true of the Chinese martial arts as well. A Sigung in todays arts can mean headfamily or headfounder, there is no way of telling, so the term Waizufu is used to refer to the head of family, and the title Sigung can refer to anyone who heads a Chinese martial arts system.

It was decided that the terms Dai-Soke or O-Ske were not appropriate for the Japanese headfamily in the ISHH because it , like the term O-Sensei, would infer “greaetness” or “superiority” over the other masters. The term Gunshi / Waizufu was chosen because it means the person in charge of the whole art, like an administrator or executive director.

In the last several years it has become commonplace for sponsored Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung to recognize other martial artists as Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung as well. This is not a legitimate or honest method based on what was done in Japanese of Chinese feudal times.

Some other organizations have formed boards or comittees of martial artists that are not sponsored as Youshiki-Soke or Shodai-Soke / Daiyong Sigung or Xiadai Sigung to recognize heads of new systems. This is certainly not a valid method of recognition for a new system and amounts to fraud.

To be sponsored as a headfounder one must be co-sponsored by a legitimate traditional headfamily. Only a headfamily has the authority to sponsor any first generation founder of a branch of their traditional art, or of a modern western art. Anyone who sponsors a founder of a new art who is not a headfamily is guilty of fraud.

Within modern western Soke boards there has become a serious problem in hat originally all Japanese headfamilies were known as Gunshi and the teachers who created sub divisions or ryuha under them were known as Shodai, but in modern times the title of Soke has been used to refer to headfounders as well as headfamilies. There is no way of knowing if the person refered to as Soke is a pre-meijji inheritor of a Koryu or of a modern creator or developer of a sub art or system who is sponsered by a headfamily.

The ISHH has at least two legitimate headfamilies to sponsor and authorize all ISHH founders of new systems. Other legitimate headfamilies are currently negitiating possible future involvement with the ISHH as sponsors. Currently we have one Gunshi and one Waizufu as official sponsors:

Dr. John Williams: Gunshi, Menkyo Kaiden Saigo Ha Daito-Ryu Aikibujutsu Renmei, Canada

Dr. Andrew Tamper: Si Tai (Waizufu), Yee Chong Mu Gow, Canton, Ohio, USA

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Kamishin

An American by the name of Albert Church inherited a traditional branch of Daito-Ryu Aiki Jutsu from a Korean master Kin Chi “Kooh” who was already a grandmaster, having inherited a pre-meijji system. Gunshi Church was investigated and verified as the legitimate inheritor of Kooh’s system by the late Soke (Gunshi) Shogo Kuniba of Japan.

Soke Shogo Kuniba awarded a certificate to Albert Church recognizing him as an inheritor. Soke Kuniba along with Soke Hyashi of japan joined with Soke Church to create an international grandmasters certification board. Then upon his death in the 1970’s his art was inherited by one of his senior studentsand son-in-law Robert Kelly, who then passed over his position as Gunshi or headfamily to to one Gunshi Ted Petit, making him the only person of the kamishinryu (Soke Church’s style) who is a legitimate headfamily with the authority to sponsor first generation founders.

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Shito-Ryu

Shito-Ryu Karate is an Okinawan martial art that predates the Meijji era. It goes back to the 1700’s and as such, it’s leaders are headfamilies. When Gichin Funakoshi introduced karate to Japan, his Uki was the father of Shogo Kuniba, who was a headfamily through Chojin Mayagi and Choku / Choki Motubo. Upon the death of Shogo Kuniba in the early 1900’s his art was divided and passed on to three people: his son, Soshi and the American Soke Price along with the Japanese Soke Toshio Kaneta. All three are headfamilies who can sponsor a first generation founder.

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Daito-Ryu / Yamate-Ryu

Yamate-Ryu is the best documented pre-meijji martial art. It can be traced back to 850 AD. From all research, it holds true that anyone who was taught by Sogaku Takeda, Shiro-Saigo or Nishiyama (all direct students of Tanomo Saigo) can rightfully be considered headfamilies with the authority to sponsor new founders. This means that any inheritor of those arts created by any of the students of Sogaku Takeda, Shiro Saigo or Nishiyama are legitimate headfamilies. Some of these inheritors are: J.K. Yamaue, Don Angier, Okayama, Sogawa, Takuma, Kodo, Williams, etc.

At this time since at least 10 former students of Tokimune Takeda are claiming to have inherited the system created by Sokaku Takeda, the ISHH can not say who is headfamily of that style.

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